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We specialise in the diagnosis of various types of cataracts, cataract treatment and surgery including Toric lenses.

Cataract Diagnosis and Treatment

What are Cataracts?

Cataracts are the appearance of a cloudy vail over a patient’s eyes and are one of the most common eye conditions.

As patients mature, a cataract affected eye’s clear lens can begin to become cloudy and can also harden. As the lens becomes increasingly cloudy the vision out of the affected eye is reduced.


Patients often complain of a "film" across their vision, or "cloudy vision". Others refer to blurry vision, due to the clouding of their eye’s lens.


Patients are often apprehensive that they may go blind. This, of course, is not going to happen. Cataract extraction is very common and is a straightforward procedure to restore clear vision.


Who is at risk of Cataracts?

Often, patients are in their 70’s or 80’s when Cataracts become a problem. The development of a cataract can occur as:


A part of the natural ageing process,

  • An inherited attribute,

  • A complication of other diseases such as glaucoma and diabetes.


Patients are also at increased risk of cataract formation as a result of:


infections during pregnancy that can affect an infant’s eyes,

  • prolonged use of corticosteroid inhalers or eye drops, 

  • excessive exposure to UV rays (sunlight), 

  • exposure to X-rays and other radiation during radiotherapy.


Younger patients, who may have had an injury to the eye, can also be affected at a much earlier age.


What causes Cataracts?

Any structural change in the lens proteins can alter its clarity and negatively impact vision.


The eye’s lens is located behind the iris (the coloured portion of the eye), and it is mostly made up of water and proteins. These specific proteins provide the lens with its transparent structure.


When a cataract occurs, the lens becomes cloudy and is seen as white patches in the centre of the pupil. 


With time, the lens becomes more cloudy and is viewable as a white cloudy ball in the centre of the iris.


What are the symptoms of Cataracts?

Symptoms commonly associated with Cataracts include:


  • Blurry or cloudy vision,

  • Faded colours,

  • Increased or extreme glare from lights,

  • Poor vision at night,

  • A difficulty with either near vision or distance vision,

  • Multiple images,

  • Frequent change in eye prescription.


What are the stages of Cataracts?

Initially, only a small part of the eye lens is affected, and you will not notice any vision loss. 


Over time, the cataract can grow larger, with your vision becoming increasingly cloudy. 

At an advanced stage, Cataracts can cause patients to experience double vision or light flashes.


Types of Cataracts

Cataracts may be classified based on their location within the eye, which include:


  • Nuclear Cataract - Cloudiness is present in the centre of the lens.

  • Cortical Cataract - Cloudiness is seen as white spokes in the outer periphery of the lens.

  • Posterior Sub-capsular Cataract - This occurs at the back of the lens capsule, which is like a shell of the lens. It may develop quicker than the other types of Cataracts and it is more commonly seen in patients with diabetes or on long-term steroid treatment.


Diagnosis of Cataracts

To assess the impact of the cataract on your vision, your ophthalmologist will perform the following tests:


  • Visual Acuity Test - This test involves reading an eye chart from a certain distance with one eye at a time. 

  • Eye Examination - A comprehensive eye examination will then be performed to assess the cataract condition. 

  • Slit Lamp Examination - A slit lamp examination uses a microscope to examine the structures in front of the eye such as the lens and cornea, which are illuminated by a bright line of light. 

  • Retinal Examination - A retinal examination may be performed to look for problems with the retina. This involves the light-sensitive layer at the back of your eyes.


Treatment of Cataracts

Surgery is the only treatment option for Cataracts. 


Cataract Surgery would be recommended when the severity of the disease and its impact on the patient's daily activities are material. 


The ophthalmologists at Spectrum Eyecare, use the latest technology to remove the Cataract under localised anaesthesia. 


Cataract Surgery involves removal of the cloudy lens inside your eye and replacement with an artificial one.

What happens if Cataracts are left untreated?

Cataracts do not heal on their own or with conservative treatment. Vision loss will only get worse and will lead to blindness if not treated by surgery.


(03) 9783 3611


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